They are small trees or evergreen shrubs, rarely deciduous. Alternate leaves, with little petiolate, lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or obovate, mostly leathery and glandular, serrated. Racemose or paniculate inflorescence, with few to many flowers, or solitary flowers; almost globose hypanthes or turbinates, totally or partially attached to the ovary, calyx lobes 5, ovate, subulate at the apex, petals 5, imbricate in the bud, linear- spatulate, with long, erect claws that appear to be coherent and form a corolla tubular. The fruit is a capsule with 2-3 chambers with many seeds, usually small, often curved, with longitudinal grooves in the cover. It is commonly used as a hedge plant, especially in coastal areas, but does not tolerate dry winds. It blooms from June to October forming a large mass of flowers with a fragrant smell of honey. Its bark is very interesting in bonsai. The most common style is the informal upright (Moyogi) although it fits many others.