Small tree, evergreen, long-lived, with wide crown and thick trunk, twisted appearance. Its bark is fissured, gray or silvery. It has opposite, oval, dark green leaves, smaller and denser than those of the olive tree. It stands out in the old specimens its dead wood. It is a Mediterranean species, sensitive to strong frosts. It is the disease-resistant foot on which other olive varieties are grafted, which is why some botanists consider it a subspecies of this. The most common style is the informal vertical (Moyogi), although it suits many others.